What Oral Infections Can You Get?

Tooth decay is one of the most common oral infections, and it is the main result of poor dental hygiene. Gingivitis, also known as early gum disease, is an infection in the gums that can lead to more serious periodontal disease. Bacteria settle on the gum line and produce toxins that cause inflammation and swelling in the gums. The most common signs to look out for are bleeding gums when brushing your teeth, as the gumline is sensitive due to gingivitis.

Gingivitis can be prevented by eliminating these bacteria in the gum line and underneath by flossing and brushing. It can also be treated at the dentist's office. Consider gingivitis as a warning sign to try to recalibrate a healthy mouth, as it can cause periodontal problems. Periodontal disease develops when an oral infection spreads below the gum line and affects bone and supporting tissues.

The gums begin to separate from the teeth and pockets form, causing greater inflammation and bone loss, so that the teeth can become loose. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), up to 47.2% of adults aged 30 and older have had periodontal disease, which is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults. Thrush is caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans, which occurs naturally. Medical treatments, such as antibiotics, chemotherapy, and radiation, can cause flare-ups. Common symptoms include white, curd-like plaques on the inside of the cheeks, tongue, palate, and back of the throat.

People who have HIV are at greater risk of developing thrush. Herpangina is an infection in the mouth related to a disease of the hands, feet and mouth. Typical early symptoms include fever, sore throat, and difficulty swallowing. These symptoms are followed by small blisters on the back of the mouth. These blisters can form large sores when they burst.

Herpangina most commonly affects children ages 3 to 10 during the summer and fall seasons. Fortunately, herpangina usually lasts three to five days. Canker sores, also known as aphthous ulcers, can be annoying but they usually heal on their own within 10 to 14 days. While the actual cause is unknown, typical triggers for canker sores include stress, hormones, immunity problems, and hypersensitivity to food. Oral herpes can cause outbreaks of fluid-filled blisters in the mouth or on the lips that last from a week to 10 days. When the blisters break, the scabs last a few days without pain.

This infection is caused by the herpes simplex virus. The herpes simplex virus is so common that up to four out of five adults in the U. S. UU.

The first oral herpes infection can cause flu-like symptoms, blisters, and sores on the gums and tongue. However, there may not be any noticeable symptoms. Once infected, the virus will be present in the body permanently. Even so, with proper care, these sores that cause infection can remain dormant. Oral herpes outbreaks are contagious so you should wash your hands regularly and avoid touching the sores. Oral sex is stimulation of genitals with mouth and tongue and it's one of ways in which sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are most commonly transmitted.

Saliva eliminates food and neutralizes acids produced by bacteria in mouth helping to protect you from microbes that multiply and cause diseases. However without proper oral hygiene bacteria can reach levels that could lead to oral infections such as tooth decay and gum disease. Studies suggest that oral bacteria and inflammation associated with a severe form of gum disease (periodontitis) may play a role in some diseases. However mouth is point of entry to digestive and respiratory tracts and some of these bacteria can cause illness. Hand foot and mouth disease is viral infection in mouth and other parts of body that usually affects young children and school-age children according to University of Chicago.

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