What Are the Most Common Diseases of the Mouth and Teeth?

Oral health is an important part of overall health, and many people suffer from common diseases that affect the mouth and teeth. Cavities, gum disease, tooth loss, and oral cancer are some of the most common oral health conditions. Other conditions such as orofacial clefts, noma, and oral injuries can also occur. Fortunately, most of these diseases are preventable and treatable in their early stages.

Good oral hygiene is essential for preventing the most common oral diseases, such as cavities, gum disease, oral infectious diseases, and oral cancer. Although not a disease in itself, oral injuries can be prevented by avoiding unsafe conditions, accidents, and violence. Bad breath is another common dental problem that can be caused by dental issues such as gum disease, tooth decay, mouth cancer, dry mouth, and bacteria on the tongue. Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease that is caused by different species of bacteria.

When bacteria enter the cracks in a person's gums, toxins are created that irritate the surrounding gum tissue. This can lead to inflammation and bleeding when brushing teeth. If left untreated, gingivitis can progress to periodontal disease which can cause tooth loss. In fact, periodontal disease is the most common cause of tooth loss in adults.

Hand, foot and mouth disease is another common oral condition that mainly affects children under 10 years old during summer and fall months. Symptoms include a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever-like feeling, and blisters on the back of the mouth. Herpangina usually lasts three to five days. Other oral diseases can be caused by tobacco use, unhealthy diets (especially those that are high in sugar), violence, and other lifestyles that cause harm.

It's important to keep your mouth clean and healthy by brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, using dental floss daily, and avoiding tobacco products. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 3.5 billion people worldwide suffer from oral diseases. Oral cancer is one of the most common types of cancer worldwide and usually affects the tongue, tonsils, gums, and oropharynx (section of the throat at the back of the mouth). The prevalence of major oral diseases continues to increase due to urbanization and changes in living conditions.

There is also a strong correlation between socioeconomic status (income, occupation and education level) and the prevalence and severity of oral diseases. Most oral diseases can be prevented by practicing good daily oral hygiene habits such as brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and using dental floss daily. If prevention isn't possible or successful, most oral diseases can be treated successfully if identified early. Root smoothing and scraping is a professional deep cleaning treatment that can remove plaque from the mouth if it cannot be reversed. Treatment for oral diseases may include pain relief medications or antibiotics depending on the severity of the condition. Oral injuries can also be annoying or painful and may cause dry mouth or difficulty swallowing.

It's important to take precautions to avoid accidents or unsafe conditions that may lead to injury. Overall, it's important to take care of your mouth by practicing good daily hygiene habits such as brushing your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and using dental floss daily. Regular dental exams are also important for identifying any potential problems early on so they can be treated quickly.

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