Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is an infection of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. It is one of the leading causes of tooth loss in adults, with an estimated 75% of all tooth loss in adults being attributed to periodontal infection. The primary cause of periodontal disease is bacteria in the mouth. These bacteria can infect the tissue surrounding the tooth and cause inflammation, leading to periodontal disease.
When bacteria remain on the teeth for a long period of time, they form a film called plaque which eventually hardens and turns into tartar, also known as calculus. The most prevalent oral biofilm, dental plaque, is a complex multi-species entity attached to the tooth surface. This biofilm is composed of a variety of bacteria that can cause inflammation and infection in the gums and other tissues surrounding the teeth. It is important to take steps to prevent periodontal disease by brushing and flossing regularly and visiting your dentist for regular checkups.
If you do develop periodontal disease, it is important to seek treatment from your dentist as soon as possible to prevent further damage to your teeth and gums.